History and Definition of IoT
The internet of things dates back to 1999, when it was developed by a worldwide manufacturer of, among other things, cleaning solutions. However, it took at least ten years before the technology was first being used in facilities and by the professional cleaning industry. In a nutshell, IoT is a network of physical objects-whether they be buildings, vehicles, devices, or something else-that are part of network connectivity via sensors and software. As such, these items are able to both collect and exchange useful data. In this scenario, gathered data is sent to university administrators and cleaning professionals.
To better understand what IoT is and how this new technology may prove beneficial to private school administrators-along with the people that clean and maintain these facilities-let’s start with the following scenario: Let’s say we have a private university with 15,000 students. According to the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, enrollment in private or nonprofit institutions in the United States ranges anywhere from 100 to more than 30,000 students, with an average of 2,000 students. As such, we are considering this means we have a facility on the larger end of the spectrum.
Along with 15,000 students, we have another 1,500 people working for the school as professors, staff members, facility managers, custodial workers, and others. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, all commercial buildings in the United States with more than 200 people-in this case, students, staff, visitors, etc.-must have one toilet and one urinal installed per 50 people. This means that our hypothetical college has approximately 330 toilets and another 330 urinals, along with faucets, in all restrooms and showerheads in locker rooms scattered throughout the campus.
Here’s our problem. It appears that two or more toilets or urinals are broken every day. Usually it takes a student or staff member to notify school management of the broken fixture-if anyone is notified at all-which may take a day or two. Then it may take another day or two before the broken fixture is attended to. This has proven to be a real inconvenience for the facility and many times an unsanitary situation as well.
Addressing Problems in Real Time
What if we had some way to tell if a toilet, urinal, faucet, or showerhead was broken as soon as the damage occurred? This would allow us to address problems like this in real time, Facilities and Maintenance continued so we no longer have to depend on an alert from a student or staff member. Furthermore, what if the same system could tell us when we need paper products in one restroom, soap refilled in another, and unexpected cleaning attention in another? This is what IoT is all about. It tells college administrators when and where a problem exists-most often in restrooms-so that it can be attended to as quickly as possible.
The Restroom Monitor
“Essentially, IoT-at least when used in restrooms,where the technology is increasingly found-is a connectivity and monitoring technology,” says Michael Wilson of AFFLINK, which provides ordering and product selection technologies to assist schools and universities. “[As described in the scenario mentioned earlier], IoT technology alerts school administrators about a problem, its specific restroom location, the exact stall, and when the problem was detected-all so it can be attended to promptly.”
With some systems, a message is sent out to both a school administrator and the custodial manager in charge of that area of the campus at that time of day. This helps expedite communication and resolve the situation.
Having such technology in a restroom can assist administrators in higher education in several ways, including keeping the university’s image at the desired level. The reality is that in just about any commercial facility, restrooms are complaint centers. “If a restroom is soiled and out of paper products or soap, there is debris on the floor, or a trash bin is overflowing, this turns a restroom cleaning ‘issue’ into a serious problem,” says Wilson. “Soiled and messy restrooms can affect the morale of students and staff and certainly are not anything school administrators would want parents or school visitors to see.”
Additionally, Wilson says IoT can help administrators in other ways, such as the following:
- It can indicate if a restroom needs to be cleaned more often than is now scheduled. “Often restroom cleaning is on a set schedule based on when a cleaning worker is in that location,” explains Wilson. “IoT turns things around so that cleaning is based on when the restroom needs to be cleaned.”
- IoT can indicate when a restroom gets the most use during the day so that custodial workers can attend to the facility after these busy periods.
- Related to this, the technology can help administrators and custodial workers prioritize how often restrooms may need to be cleaned during the day; some restrooms invariably need more cleaning attention than others.
- IoT can help determine the amount of supplies needed per day in restrooms, helping to stock them more efficiently.
Keeping Tabs on Supplies
Related to this last point, many IoT systems now allow custodial workers to place “tabs” on supplies to help monitor when products should be reordered. This can complement other technologies such as web-based dashboard systems available to some distributors that help prevent schools from running out of supplies and enjoy cost benefits as well. Wilson explains that universities often purchase large quantities of supplies simultaneously, which leaves a great deal of operating capital stacked in the janitorial closet. Being able to stock up as-needed frees operating capital, leading to cost savings.
The focus of most private universities is, of course, to keep up with educational trends so that they can best serve the needs of their students. However, new trends also are evolving in the ways schools order and select supplies as well as the ways they are cleaned and maintained. IoT is a primary example of this.Moreover, new and evolving technologies are inevitable. Knowing when or where there is a problem-even before it becomes a problem-can help administrators keep their restrooms clean, healthy, and worthy of praise.